Study shows differences in working conditions in the country; Metropolitan São Paulo area has the greatest difference between black and non-black.
The average real income per hour worked of employed black women reached a maximum of 58.3% of the amount paid to non-black men in 2011, says a study released on Monday (19) by the Departamento Intersindical de Estatísticas e Estudos Socioeconômicos (Inter-Union Department of Statistics and Socioeconomic Studies or Dieese) conducted in seven metropolitan areas.
The regions analyzed were the cities of Belo Horizonte (state of Minas Gerais), Distrito Federal (Brasília), Fortaleza (state of Ceará), Porto Alegre (state of Rio Grande do Sul), Recife (state of Pernambuco), Salvador (state of Bahia) and São Paulo (state of São Paulo).
In all regions examined, income per hour worked of black women corresponded to a maximum of 58.3% in Porto Alegre, and 58.6% in Fortaleza, of the value of non-black men. In the Federal District and the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, the value of hours worked of black women didn’t reach 50% (49.5% and 47.8%, respectively).
The difference is great even among black men, who received between 60.1% in São Paulo, and 72.9% in Fortaleza, of what is paid to non-black men. For non-black women, the difference ranged from 76% in São Paulo, to 84.1% in Belo Horizonte, of the value paid to non-black men in the period studied.
Besides having the lowest wages, black women had the highest rates of unemployment compared to other groups in the period studied – in spite of the distance between the unemployment rates of blacks and non-blacks in all regions (except Porto Alegre) having decreased, says Dieese.
Unemployment reached more black women than black men and non-black men. In the metropolitan area of Recife, the unemployment rate for black women was 18.1%, equivalent to twice the rate of non-black men, 9%. The least distance was observed in the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza (black women, 11%, and non-black men, 7.1%)
“Despite the reduction in inequality over the past decades, there are still significant differences in working conditions experienced by blacks and non-blacks in the labor market,” cites Dieese in a statement.
According to the study, in 2011, blacks were about two-thirds of the Active Age Population (PIA) and of the Economically Active Population (PEA), the majority in relation to non-blacks in the areas of Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador and the Federal District.