Difference between blacks and whites reaches 4.3% despite the fall in the unemployment rate, according to research
With information by Mark Koboldt and Karina Reif
The black population is most affected by unemployment in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, according to research released last Tuesday (13) by Fundação de Economia e Estatística (Foundation of Economics and Statistics or FEE). Rates of unemployment are even higher especially for women when compared with the white population, the report indicates. The information is part of the special report on the situation of blacks in the labor market, alluding to the November 20th Day of Black Consciousness.
“The economic downturn in 2011 led to this situation. We know that the selection is much larger and the black population tends to suffer more reflections, partly due to color and partly by qualification,” said FEE sociologist Dulce Vergara. According to sociologist Irene Galeazzi of the Fundação Gaúcha do Trabalho e Ação Social (Gaúcha Foundation Labor and Social Action or FGTAS), blacks accounted for 12% of the economically active population of the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre in 2011. However, their rate of unemployment reached 18.2%. “The development and supply of jobs does not necessarily lead to a reduction in inequality. It is a very old cultural trait,” she said.
Still according to the survey, the unemployment rate of the black population went from 12.2% in 2010 to 11.1% in 2011. For the non-black population, there was a variation of 8.2% in 2010 to 6.8% last year. Although unemployment has been falling also for black women in recent years, they still have greater difficulty in entering the labor market, not only in relation to men, but also in comparison with non-black women. In 2010, the unemployment rate among black women was 14.8% falling to 13.1% in 2010. The rate for black men, which was 9.7% in 2010, was dropped slightly to 9.3% last year.
The analysis average earnings revealed an increase in earnings from R$1,200 (US$600) in 2010 to R$1,780 (US$890) in 2011, for the total of those employed, between men and women. However, it was found that the wages of the black population is lower than that of the white population, with women receiving on average salaries below R$1000 (US$500). Non-blacks saw an increase from R$1550 (US$775) to R$1560 (US$780) in their income in the same period.
Regarding the occupational level of blacks, the data indicate a reduction in all forms of hiring, with a decline of 11.1%. The largest decreases occurred in trade (-14.7%) and services (-13.7%), and to a lesser extent, in domestic services (-7.7%) and industry (-3.3 %). For non-blacks, the rate of occupational level increased 5.1%. All sectors showed expansion in this period, foremost among those in construction (11.1%).
Source: Correio do Povo