Note from BW of Brazil: As we are now one week into the observance of the 2013 Month of Black Consciousness, the battle for the value of the lives of young black youth must be placed front and center of state and national political agendas. The data in regards to the murder of black youth in Brazil are horrific and one could realistically wonder if there is a hidden agenda to exterminate black youth. After all, Brazil’s elites actually had an agenda to promote interracial relationships as a means of eliminating the black population. 132.3% more blacks die from homicide than whites and in 2011, 35% of all homicides victimized black males between the ages of 15 and 29. In São Paulo, there is a death squad in every battalion; death squads often consists of plain-clothed off-duty military police. Late ’80s documents prove an extreme right agenda to exterminate poor populations, the majority of which are black. Some in these “vigilante” death squads believe they are doing something good for society by eliminating who they deem to be vagabonds from society, even when they often don’t have a prior criminal record. For these reasons, while we continue to celebrate the memory and history of black Brazilians, we must also reflect on the present to ensure the future.
A black youth is 3.7 times more likely to be killed in Brazil than a white youth
by Agência Estado
According to IPEA, the data show that, at birth in Brazil, the black man loses 1.73 years of life expectancy because of violence, while for a white man that number drops to 0.71.
A study by the Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA or Institute of Applied Economic Research) on racism in Brazil released on Thursday, October 17, showed that the possibility of a black teenager being a victim of homicide is 3.7 times higher than a white teen. According to the the study, the life expectancy of a black Brazilian man is less than half that of a white.
The data shows that, at birth in Brazil, a black man loses 1.73 years of life expectancy because of violence, while for a white man that number drops to 0.71. The information is based on one of the texts listed in the bulletin. In the article Segurança Pública e Racismo Institucional (Public Safety and Institutional Racism), the authors Almir de Oliveira Júnior and Verônica Couto de Araújo Lima, respectively researchers of the Diretoria de Estudos e Políticas do Estado das Instituições e da Democracia (Diest) do Instituto (Board of Studies and Policies of the State Institutions and Democracy (Diest) and of the Institute and the academic of the area of Direitos Humanos da Universidade de Brasília (UnB) (Human Rights of the University of Brasilia or UnB), speaks of the unequal access to security between blacks and whites.
The conclusion is that color increases the vulnerability of blacks, which runs a 8% more likelihood of them becoming victims of homicide than a whites, even with the same conditions of education and socioeconomic characteristics. The study shows that more than 60,000 people are murdered every year in Brazil, and that of every three people killed in a violent manner, two are black.
The homicide rate for blacks is 36.5 for 100,000 inhabitants, based on 2010 data from the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE or Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), cross references with information from the Ministry of Health. In the case of whites, that number drops to 15.5. Summing up the residential population in 226 municipalities with over 100 thousand inhabitants, it is estimated that the possibility of a black teenager being a victim of homicide is 3.7 times higher compared with whites.
By taking into account assaults by police officers, blacks are also potential victims. According to the Pesquisa Nacional de Vitimização (National Research on Victimization), 6.5% of blacks suffered an assault in 2009, a year before the IBGE collected the data that formed the basis for research. The IPEA classified this behavior as institutional racism, but the researchers believe that the behavior reflects the positions of many other social groups.
These differences, pointed out the IPEA, leads to less blacks seeking police assistance in case of aggression than whites. While only 38.2% of whites don’t seek the police in these cases, this percentage rises to 61.8% when it comes to blacks. The information will appear on a map of racism in the country, which should be released next month. The bulletin also contains six other articles dealing with topics such as public safety, pacification of the favelas (slums) and June protests that occurred throughout Brazil.
Source: Gazeta do Povo